yě(也) – also

Next to the Adverb hěn (很) is another important Adverb yě(也), which means also in English。Adverbs such as hěn (很) and yě(也) are always written before the Verb / Adjektive. If both of them are in the same sentence yě(也) is written before hěn (很).

Here are a few examples:

Are you also Chinese? – nĭ yě shì zhōngguó rén ma?( 你也是中国人吗?)

She is also cute – tā yě hěn kěài( 她也很可爱)

Picture1

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Days of the Week

Knowing the numbers from 1- 12 allow you to learn a lot of other vocab groups very easily. One of them are the days of the week.

Monday is simply day one, Tuesday day two and so on in Mandarin. The only day which doesnt follow this rule is Sunday. There are two ways to say Sunday one is xīngqītiān (星期天) and the second is xīngqī rì(星期日).

Days of the week

Tiān(天) alone means day and rì (日) alone could also mean day but also means sun. The difference between tiān(天) and rì (日) is that tiān(天) is used in words such as today, tomorrow, day after tomorrow. rì (日) in contrast is used to describe a date. Both will be discussed in more detail in a later poast.

Additional useful words to describe the day of the week are:

Days of the week

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Answering a Yes or NO Question (ma(吗))

As mentioned in the previous blog, it is possible to questions which either have a yes or no answer by simply adding the word ma(吗) at the end of the question. When answering the questions you generally don’t answer with yes or no, but you repeat the verb from the question and repeat the asked sentence again without ma(吗) and changing the person in the sentence when needed if the answer is positive.

Here is an example

Are you Chinese? – nĭ shì zhōngguó rén ma?( 你是中国人吗?)

If you would like to say, Yes I am Chinese the answer should look the following:

Shì, wŏ shì zhōngguó rén. (是, 我是中国人.)

If the answer is negative, you use the negative version of a verb ( ex. I am not), and either repeat the question in a negative form or correct it straight away.

So to the same question a negative answer could be:

Bù shì, wŏ shì měi guó rén rén. (不是, 我是美国人.)

ma

Numbers 100- 100,000,000

Similar to counting up to 100, the Numbers in Mandarin to 9,000. hundred in Mandarin is băi (百), similar to english, is one hundred yìbăi (一百), this goes up to 900.

Thousand in Mandarin means qiān (千). One thouasand is yìqiān(一千), two thousand èrqiān (二千). This goes up all the way to 9,000

Here are some examples for numbers up to 9,000.

100 + 1000

From 10,000 onwards it becomes for westerners a bit confusing. The first time I met my girlfriend I was a bit confused when we talked about numbers above 10,000 that she asked me how many 0 the number got.

When starting to learn Mandarin i found out where she got confused in English. Other than in European langauges, 10,000 is a seperate counting unit. 10,000 in Mandarin is wàn (万) Same as with băi (百) and qiān (千), is 20,000 èr wàn。Wàn is used to count all the way up to 10,000, 000. Onehundred thousand in Mandarin is shí wàn (十万), one million is yìbăiwàn(一百万), and ten million is yìqiānwàn (一千万). From hunhundred million onwards the counting unit yì(亿)is used. Up to know i did not had to use any number above wàn .(万)

100 + 1000

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Number 0-100

Counting in Mandarin is very straight forward and was for me one of the easiest things to learn. If you know the numbers 1-10 its very easy to also learn the weekdays and months.

1-100

If you remember the first 10 characters it is very easy to count up to 100.

There is a very straight forward logic behind the numbers over 10. Twenty is in Mandarin for example two ten.

Number 20, 30

If you would like to say for example 15, it would be in Mandarin ten five, shí wŭ(十五). In Mandarin a number would be exactly how you would read out a number, the number ten comes first than the number five.

If you would like to say 27, it would be two ten seven, èr shí qī (二十七).

Here are a few examples:

21, etc.